Treatment Options for Epilepsy — Medications and Surgeries

Life with a seizure disorder can be complicated, as you try to balance your desire for a full life against the constraints of your chronic condition. Habib Khan, MD and the care team at the Arizona Institute of Neurology & Polysomnography are here to help. Dr. Khan provides expert treatment to patients diagnosed with epilepsy and seizure disorders from our offices in Casa Grande, Arizona. He offers both medications and surgical treatment options to support you as you live with epilepsy, and potentially to reduce the frequency, duration, and intensity of your seizures.


We typically begin treatment for epilepsy with medications to manage your condition, only progressing to more invasive approaches when conservative methods don't produce sufficient results. Anti-seizure medication, also called anti-epileptic medication, works to effectively end seizures for many patients. 

Or, you may benefit from a combination of medications to control your epileptic seizures. Finding the right medication can take time, as your individual reactions can be complex. We typically start with a single medication at a low dosage and go from there, tracking your responses to make any necessary adjustments.

Anti-seizure medication can cause mild side effects, including fatigue, dizziness, weight gain, skin rashes, decreased bone density, coordination and speech problems, and issues with memory and cognition, as well as potentially serious issues with depressed mood and suicidal feelings. Patients who start taking medication as children can often discontinue it once their symptoms are resolved and remain seizure-free. For adults, you may be able to discontinue your medication after several years without a seizure.


If you're in one of the smaller groups of new epilepsy patients who don't respond well to medications, and if your results don't improve with adjustments, you may be able to receive surgical treatment for your condition. In surgery for epilepsy, we remove the area of your brain responsible for your seizures, effectively ending them.

Surgery always comes with some risks, so you want to make sure to choose a provider you can absolutely trust to evaluate you for epilepsy surgery. For a small number of patients, complications such as permanently changed cognition can occur. If your seizures originate in a small, clearly defined area of your brain, not in a location likely to interfere with crucial functions like speech or motor skills, you may be a good candidate for epilepsy surgery.

To diagnose your epilepsy, we take your complete medical history and discuss your symptoms. We may use electroencephalography (EEG) to help confirm your diagnosis and classify your underlying epileptic syndrome. Once we know more about your type of epilepsy, Dr. Khan can recommend the best treatment and management options for your condition and lifestyle needs.

To get started treating your epilepsy, contact the Arizona Institute of Neurology & Polysomnography today. You can schedule your initial consultation appointment over the phone, or by using our online booking tool.

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